Monday, November 24, 2008

Derivational Vs. Inflectional Morpheme

As discussed in class, there are two types of morpheme: FREE morpheme, and BOUND morpheme. FREE morpheme is then further divided into two: LEXICAL and FUNCTIONAL morpheme. BOUND morpheme is also further divided into two categories: DERIVATIONAL and INFLECTIONAL morpheme.

DERIVATIONAL morpheme changes the root's class of words OR its meaning, OR BOTH. The word 'unhappy' derives from the root HAPPY added with a prefix UN. Both 'happy' and 'unhappy' are adjectives. The meaning, however, is totally different. "I am unhappy" is totally different from "I am happy". In this case, the prefix UN is called DERIVATIONAL MORPHEME.

INFLECTIONAL morpheme, on the other hand, does not change either the root's class of words or the meaning. The word 'books', for example, derives from the root BOOK added with a suffix –S. Both 'book' and 'books' are NOUN. The meaning is still the same. The suffix –S only indicates the plural form. In this case, the suffix –S is INFLECTIONAL

Well… For practice, please do the worksheet here.


speechless_saint said...


Hello, Pak DP. Would you mind checking my worksheet on morphology?

1. Words CAN'T be segmented into prefix + root

2.NOT a result of AFFIXATION

DRIVER (derivation)
GIRLS (inflection)
EARLIER (inflection)
MODERNIZE (derivation)
PROBABLY (derivation)
FOREIGNERS (both/d then i)
ACTIVATION (derivation/2 processes)
ORGANIZERS (both/d then i)
SYSTEMATIC (derivation)
COMPLEXITY (derivation)

That's my work. Would you like to show us the right answer on your posting? Thanks before.

Does anyone agree with my answers?
Nice day, guys.


my site said...

Worksheet : Morphology and Affixation

1. Words that can not be segmented into prefix + root :
a. Miscellaneous
b. Missile
c. Mistake
d. Rebel
e. Record
f. Rely
g. Innocent
h. Influenza

2. Words that is not a result of affixation :
a. Finger
b. Heaven
c. Hammer
d. (all words are the result of affixation)
e. Passion
3. Words that the cases of inflection, derivation or both :
a. Driver = derivation (from verb changed into noun)
b. Girls = inflection (shows plural noun)
c. Earlier = inflection (shows comparative)
d. Modernize = derivation (from adj. changed into verb transitive)
e. Probably = an adverb (aren't cases of inflection, derivation or both)
f. Foreigners = both inflection and derivation ( from adj changed into noun and (s)indicting plural
g. Activation = derivation (from verb transitive changed into noun)
h. Organizers = both inflection and derivation (from verb changed into noun and (s) indicating plural)
i. Systematic = derivation (from noun changed into adj.)
j. Complexity = derivation (from adj. changed into noun)

I don't consider goatee is a result of affixation because goatee can be segmented into prefix + root = goat + (ee), the same case also happen in the words employee = employ + (ee) and interviewee = interview + (ee, and as additional probably is an adverb, it is not cases of both inflection and derivation.

Mr. Agus DePe that was my response in your working sheet, and I've already posted a comment regard to Dika'd work.
Mr. Agus can you post the right answer because i keep curios on words probably, goatee, employee and interviewee and have nice weekend

my site said...

I forget to attach my NIM C1307013 hope you do not forget to give additional mark too, have greet weekend Mr...s Depe

Agus D. Priyanto said...


So, the problems are here:
1. foreigners (is it a derivation, inflection, or both)
2. Goatee (Is it the result of goat + ee)

Anyone has an idea, please...? I will let you discuss this first.

Remember, knowledge starts from curiosity. :)

my site said...

Mr. Agus, my problem is not in word foreigners but in word probably. I' ve already known a little bit more about syntax since you've already attached it on youre blog thanks

TiK@SasIngA-C13_21 said...

Worksheet : Morphology and Affixation

1.Words can’t be segmented into prefix + root

2.Not a result of Affixation

a.Driver (derivation, Verbnoun)
b.Girls (inflection, plural)
c.Earlier(inflection, comparative)
d.Modernize(derivation, adjverb)
e.Probably (derivation)
f.Foreigners (both, derivation, adjnoun, inflection, plural)
g.Activation(derivation, verbnoun)
h.Organizers (both, derivation, verbnoun, inflection, plural )
i.Systematic (derivation, nounadj)
j.Complexity (derivation, adj noun)

by: Septianingrum Kartika Nugraha

Ma Arthur said...

if the inflection morphemes are used to play the functional and grammatical what about the functional morpheme in free morphemes...?

Anonymous said...

waooo it was very support my home work :) thank you

general linguistic said...

Need a help for this home work. Can anyone help???
Indicate which of these morphs are bound morphs and which are free morphs, and which of the bound morphs are inflectional and which are derivational.
I. en–courage–ment
II. king–dom–s
III. anti–soviet–ism
IV. de-form-ity
V. dis-qualifi(qualify)-ed